A unique and diverse geography that includes five national parks
Northern California is best known for their breezy coastlines, tourist attractions such as the Golden Gate Bridge, and a unique and diverse geography that includes five national parks. These parks feature the tallest trees in the world, amazing mountain ranges and valleys, volcanic formations, and lively forests.
Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks
Sequoia National Park is America's second-oldest national park and was established on September 25, 1890. Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks has been jointly administered since 1943. The 865,964 acres of the park are defined by huge mountains, rugged foothills, deep canyons, vast caverns, and the world's largest trees.
The wilderness of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks protects an extraordinary continuum of ecosystems arrayed along the greatest vertical relief (1,370 to 14,505 feet in elevation) of any protected area in the lower 48 states. Glacial canyons, broad lake basins, lush meadows, and sheer granite peaks hallmark of the most rugged portion of the High Sierra, form the core of the largest expanse of contiguous wilderness in California.
This topographic diversity in turn supports over 1,200 species (and more than 1,550 taxa, including subspecies and varieties) of vascular plants, which make up dozens of unique plant communities. These include not only the renowned groves of massive giant sequoia, but also vast tracts of montane forests, alpine habitats, and oak woodlands and chaparral.
The richness of the Sierran flora mirrors that of the state as a whole, as there are nearly 6,000 species of vascular plants known to occur in California, and over 20% of them can be found within Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks